J. Nucl. Materials, 290-293, 33-37 (2001).
Allain, J. P., Ruzic, D. N., Hendricks, M. R.
The absolute sputtering yields from bombardment of D+,He+ and Li+ on liquid tin–lithium eutectic have been measured and modeled at energies between 200 and 1000 eV. The Ion-surface InterAction Experiment (IIAX) has been optimized to reliably measure the absolute sputtering yield of many ion-target combinations including solid and liquid lithium. A Colutron ion source is used to create and accelerate gaseous or metal ions onto a liquid metal target. The bombarding ions are mass-selected through an E X B filter and decelerated near the target. The target can be rotated in order to provide variation in the angle of incidence. Deuterium plasma from a hollow cathode source is used to remove any remaining oxides. Upon melting of the sample a thin oxide layer forms and is cleaved by an in situ arm. Results show that sputtering yields from liquid tin–lithium are larger than pure lithium. In addition, modeling with VFTRIM-3D confirms that Li atoms segregate to the surface of liquid tin–lithium. This is consistent with results of ion fraction of sputtered atoms, which show a sputtered-atom ion fraction of 65% for liquid tin–lithium, equal to pure liquid lithium, and <10% for solid tin–lithium.