Fusion Energy and Design, 49-50, 127-134 (2000).
Mattas, R. F., Allain, J. P., Bastasz, R., Brooks, J. N., Evans, T., Hassanein, A., Luckhardt, S., McCarthy, K., Mioduszewski, P., Maingi, R., Mogahed, E., Moir, R., Molokov, S., Morley, N., Nygren, R., ROnglien, T., Reed, C., Ruzic, D. N., Svitoslavsky, I., Sze, D., Tillack, M., Ulrichson, M., Wade, P.M., Wooley, R., Wong, C.
The advanced limiter-divertor plasma-facing systems (ALPS) program was initiated in order to evaluate the potential for improved performance and lifetime for plasma-facing systems. The main goal of the program is to demonstrate the advantages of advanced limiter/divertor systems over conventional systems in terms of power density capability, component lifetime, and power conversion efficiency, while providing for safe operation and minimizing impurity concerns for the plasma. Most of the work to date has been applied to free surface liquids. A multi-disciplinary team from several institutions has been organized to address the key issues associated with these systems. The main performance goals for advanced limiters and divertors are a peak heat flux of >50 MW/m2, elimination of a lifetime limit for erosion, and the ability to extract useful heat at high power conversion efficiency (40%). The evaluation of various options is being conducted through a combination of laboratory experiments, modeling of key processes, and conceptual design studies. The current emphasis for the work is on the effects of free surface liquids on plasma edge performance.