Target Heat Loading Due to Fast, Transient Heat Pulses Produced From a Conical θ-Pinch as a Prototype for Benchmarking Simulations of Transient Heat Loads

June 15, 2007

J. Nuclear Materials, 363-365, 1032-1036 (2007).

Gray, T. K., Jaworski, M. A., Ruzic, D. N.

The ELM simulating plasma gun (ESP-gun) has been developed to study the effects of transient, blob-like plasmas on the plasma facing components of TOKAMAKs. ESP-gun utilizes a RF helicon plasma to pre-ionize a plasma column underneath a conical, θ-pinch coil, which is used to compress and eject plasmas. Measurements have been made of the existing RF plasma and the subsequent compressed plasma. A copper target was placed downstream of the θ-pinch, and its temperature rise was measured with respect to time. For modest argon plasmas, ne not, vert, similar 1018 m−3 and Te less-than-or-equals, slant 100 eV, the target temperature was observed to have an equivalent heat loading of up to 90 kJ/m2. Given that the plasma density and temperature are low, it is believed that the target heat loading will scale linearly with plasma density such that plasmas of 1020–1021 m−3 would reach target heat loading in excess of 1 MJ/m2. A zero dimensional thermal model will be presented to estimate the expected target heat loading.