J. Nucl. Mater., 335, 115-120 (2004).
Coventry, M. D., Allain, J. P., Ruzic, D. N.
Absolute sputtering yields of liquid tin from 240 to 420 °C due to irradiation by low-energy helium and deuterium have been measured. For ion energies ranging from 300 to 1000 eV, temperature enhancement of liquid tin sputtering was noted. These measurements were obtained by IIAX (the Ion-surface InterAction eXperiment) using a velocity-filtered ion beam at 45° incidence to sputter material from a liquid tin target onto deposition monitors. Sputtering yields from 500 eV ion bombardment at 45° incidence increase from 0.1 ± 0.03 and 0.019 ± 0.008 Sn particles/ion at room temperature, for He+ and D+ ions respectively, to 0.30 ± 0.12 and 0.125 ± 0.05 Sn particles/ion for 380 °C. Temperature enhanced sputtering has been seen in other liquid metals (namely lithium, tin–lithium, and gallium) using both ion beam and plasma irradiation.