Wall Conditioning with Impurity Pellet Injection on TFTR

December 1, 1992

J. Nucl. Mater., 196-198, 686-691 (1992).

Snipes, J.A., Marmar, E.S., Terry, J. L., Bell, M. G., Budny, R. V., Hill, K. W., Jassby, D. L., Mansfield, D. K., Meade, D. M., Park, H. K., Strachan, J. D., Stratton, B. C., Synakowski, E. J., Taylor, G., Ruzic, D. N., Shaheen, M.

Solid lithium and boron pellets have been injected into TFTR plasmas to improve plasma performance by coating the graphite inner wall bumper limiter with a small amount of lower Z pellet material, which reduces the influx of carbon from the walls and reduces the edge electron density. This new wall conditioning technique has been applied successfully when continued He conditioning discharges, which are normally used for wall conditioning, no longer significantly reduce the carbon and deuterium influxes. The results show that both Li and B pellets significantly improve wall conditioning and lead to 15–20% improvements in supershot plasma performance when injected ≥1 s prior to neutral beam injection in supershot target plasmas. Neutral beam penetration calculations indicate that the lower edge densities resulting from Li or B pellet wall conditioning lead to improved beam penetration. Sputtering yield calculations confirm that the addition of small amounts of Li on a graphite target can significantly reduce the C sputtering yield.