Plasma-Edge Diagnostics Based on Pd-Mos Diodes

April 1, 1989

J. Nucl. Mater., 162-164, 587-592 (1989).

Bastasz, R., Cain, B. L., Cayton, T. E., Huges, R. C., Ruzic, D. N.

Pd metal-oxide-semiconductor (MOS) devices can be used to detect energetic hydrogen atoms. H isotopes implanted into a Pd-MOS diode quickly diffuse through the Pd layer and are accommodated at available Pd-SiO2 interface sites, causing an increase in the leakage current through the device. We find that a diode’s response to energetic hydrogen is rapid, sensitive, dosimetric, and reproducible. Pd-MOS diodes can be regenerated when saturated with hydrogen by heating to 100–200°C for a few minutes. These properties make Pd-MOS diodes useful for plasma-edge diagnosis of hydrogen particle fluence when the energy distribution of the incident hydrogen is known. Pd-MOS diode sensors have been used in the laboratory and in the ZT-40M reversed-field pinch to measure energetic hydrogen fluxes. Their small size allows placement in locations inaccessible to conventional diagnostics and should provide a means for remote monitoring of hydrogen fluxes to plasma-facing surfaces.